AFP

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The Apple Filing Protocol (AFP) is a network protocol that offers file services for Mac OS X and original Mac OS. Avahi is an open source implementation of Bonjour or former Rendezvous wich advertises servers to MacOS X.

NOTE: THIS IS NOT MEANT FOR PEOPLE WHO DONT KNOW WHAT THEY ARE DOING.

Installation of netatalk into Amahi

  • Open a terminal either on the desktop or SSH
  • Become root (sudo -s or su -)
  • yum -y install netatalk
  • edit /etc/atalk/afpd.conf

- -noddp -tcp -uamlist uams_randnum.so,uams_dhx.so,uams_dhx2.so -nosavepassword -advertise_ssh

  • edit /etc/atalk/netatalk.conf

ATALKD_RUN=no
PAPD_RUN=no
CNID_METAD_RUN=yes
AFPD_RUN=yes
TIMELORD_RUN=no
A2BOOT_RUN=no

  • Once the app is installed you can add the folders you wish to share over AFP by editing the /etc/atalk/AppleVolumes.default file:

~/ "$u" allow:UserName rwlist:UserName,@users cnidscheme:cdb Change UserName to your username, this will share your homefolder over afp

  • chkconfig atalk on
  • service atalk start

For recent versions of Amahi/Netatalk (Tested with Amahi 6/Netatalk 2.1.3-1/Fedora 14), the service name is changed to 'netatalk.' So the above becomes;

  • chkconfig netatalk on
  • service netatalk start

Installation of avahi into Amahi

  • Open a terminal either on the desktop or SSH
  • Become root (sudo -s or su -)
  • yum -y install avahi
  • go to /etc/avahi/services/
  • add the afpd.service file:

<?xml version="1.0" standalone='no'?>
<!DOCTYPE service-group SYSTEM "avahi-service.dtd">
<service-group>
<name replace-wildcards="yes">%h Xserve</name>
<service>
<type>_afpovertcp._tcp</type>
<port>548</port>
</service>
<service>
<type>_device-info._tcp</type>
<port>0</port>
<txt-record>model=Xserve</txt-record>
</service>
</service-group>

%h Xserve can be changed to your server name (not the same as your samba server!) model=Xserve can be changed to get a different icon for your server to PowerBook, PowerMac, Macmini, iMac, MacBook, MacBookPro, MacBookAir, MacPro, AppleTV1,1, AirPort

  • Additionally you can make avahi advertise other services on your mac

rfb.service for screensharing without chickenvnc

<?xml version="1.0" standalone='no'?>
<!DOCTYPE service-group SYSTEM "avahi-service.dtd">
<service-group>
<name replace-wildcards="yes">%h</name>
<service>
<type>_rfb._tcp</type>
<port>5900</port>
</service>
</service-group>

samba.service so the bsod icon is replaced with a nice screen icon and is on the same server as vnc/screensharing

<?xml version="1.0" standalone='no'?>
<!DOCTYPE service-group SYSTEM "avahi-service.dtd">
<service-group>
<name replace-wildcards="yes">%h</name>
<service>
<type>_smb._tcp</type>
<port>139</port>
</service>
</service-group>

there is also a nfs.service but havent been able to get this to work on snow leopard

<?xml version="1.0" standalone='no'?>
<!DOCTYPE service-group SYSTEM "avahi-service.dtd">
<service-group>
<name replace-wildcards="yes">NFS Shares on %h</name>
<service>

      <type>_nfs._tcp</type>
<port>2049</port>
<txt-record>path=/var/hda/files/music</txt-record>

</service>
<service>

       <type>_nfs._tcp</type>
<port>2049</port>
<txt-record>path=/var/hda/files/movies</txt-record>

</service>
</service-group>

Thanks to this great tutorial for ubuntu !!

  • Add mdns at the end of this line in /etc/nsswitch.conf

hosts: files dns mdns

  • Starting and stopping AFP and Avahi :

service atalk (start stop restart) service avahi-daemon (start stop restart)


TODO

Integrate AFP and avahi with the Shares tab of the WebUI just as tightly as Samba is.